Between Two Worlds: Australian Foreign Policy Responses to New and Old Security Dilemmas

Australian foreign policy is entering an era of complexity and strategic uncertainty. Globalisation has spawned the rise of new threats such as transnational terrorists who specialise in asymmetric warfare—the use of force in ways that circumvent conventional military defences. Previously confined to diasporic communities and low-intensity conflicts in weak and failing states on the periphery, 9/11 marked the date at which such threats demonstrated a capacity to penetrate the Western heartlands. Adept at using and adapting the infrastructure and technological advances of globalisation to attack and undermine free and open societies, transnational terrorism in its Islamist manifestation represents a new security dilemma for the interconnected world of the 21st century.

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