The Endangered Species Act at 40: Tinian Monarch

The Tinian monarch simply cannot be considered an Endangered Species Act success, or to have recovered due to the Act, because it is a case of data error. By the time the Fish and Wildlife Service listed the monarch under the ESA, in all likelihood the birds was already recovered from human-caused habitat destruction, especially sugarcane farming and World War II. Furthermore, the FWS and other supporters of the Act have portrayed the monarch’s conservation inaccurately, some of which appears to have been done deliberately to conceal the fact that the ESA has had virtually nothing to do with the resurgence of the Tinian monarch.

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