The United States Should Be More Assertive in South Sudan

South Sudan, the world’s youngest nation, is embroiled in a conflict that began as a political dispute but has been intensified by pre-existing ethnic tensions. The number of casualties and refugees is straining government and international humanitarian efforts. If the situation deteriorates further, investments made by the U.S. and the international community will be squandered. Pressure must be applied to both the government of South Sudan and the rebel faction to reconcile peacefully. In the long term, the U.S. should foster in South Sudan a more robust multi-party system (in advance of the country’s scheduled 2015 election), security sector reform, and improved governance and accountability.

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