Property Taxes for Agriculture: Use Value Assessment and Urbanization across the United States
We analyze the spread of use-value assessment (UVA) programs applied to agricultural and rural land for property tax purposes across the 50 states. Taxing such land on the basis of its current use in agriculture rather than its full market value can confer significant property tax reductions on owners of the land. Effects are often substantial for land near large urban areas. Using a time-to-event model, we find, as others have posited, that a driving force behind the spread of UVA has been the secular trend toward urbanization across all 50 states.