When Moving Matters: Residential and Economic Mobility Trends in America, 1880-2010

If the association between residential and economic mobility reflects a causal relationship—as recent research suggests—opportunity in America could be expanded through policies to promote greater residential mobility among groups with low upward economic mobility. Various policies to reform the country’s safety net, reduce housing-cost inflation, and deregulate housing and labor markets might effectively encourage migration to higher-opportunity areas.

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