Freedom of Education Index
Legally, freedom of education is universally recognized. Among the 136 countries studied, only three prohibit the creation of National Graduate Schools (NGS): Cuba, Gambia and Libya; 84 recognize them constitutionally, granting them the highest protection. Concerning the funding of NGS, the panorama is more contrasted. If 73% of the countries grant aid, for 43% of them it is an aid that we have qualified of “weak” or “not well-defined”. Countries that fund consistently represent 30% of the 136 studied countries. This clearly shows that the countries are aware of the necessity to fund liberty to make it effective. It is the thesis we supported in the introduction of this Report. Finally, in comparison with our 2002 Report, the number of countries that finance NGS saw an increase of 7 points, which is encouraging. Homeschooling is a growing phenomenon that can be interpreted either as a maladjustment of the school to the population’s needs or as a symptom of the failure of the formal education system. This phenomenon has grown everywhere except in Africa and in the Arabic countries.
Most of the countries that present a high level of freedom are in Europe-North America (UNESCO’s typology). Among the European countries, all the Northern and the Anglo-Saxon countries are in a good position, just as the Anglo-Saxon countries. The Asia-Pacific score is quite high thanks notably to the Korean Republic, Australia, New Zealand, Timor-Leste (66) and Singapore (64,1). China (50.3) is under the average whereas Japan and India are way above the World average.
Regarding Latina America, apart from Chile and Peru, the best scores go to Argentina (64.4), Equator (59.5) and Uruguay (59,5). In Arabic countries, that globally obtain lower scores than the previous regions, only Lebanon, Jordan and Qatar are situated above average.