Demand-Side Mismanagement: How Conservation Became Waste
Ontario consumers have borne substantial costs for Demand-Side Management (DSM) programs that aim to promote more efficient use of electric. DSM programs were underway from 1988 until 1996 and then again from 2004 until the present. The Ontario Power Authority (OPA) spent nearly $400 million on conservation programs in 2013 alone. Electric distribution utilities have also engaged in programs supervised by the Ontario Energy Board outside of those funded by the OPA, as have federal provincial, and municipal governments. Plans are in place to expand these programs at least through 2020.