Eight Essential Issues for the 2016 NATO Summit in Warsaw

The 2016 NATO Summit will be held on July 8 and 9 in Warsaw. This is a critical time for the Alliance. In 2014, Russia invaded Ukraine, forcefully changing the borders of Europe for the first time since 1945. This invasion jarred many in Western Europe and the U.S. who had viewed Russia through rose-colored glasses even after the invasion of Georgia in 2008.

Today, Russia remains entrenched in the Donbas region of Ukraine and inside Georgia. In occupied Crimea, it is consolidating its position and extending influence far into the Black Sea. Russian submarine activity is reaching Cold War levels, and Russia continues aggressive flights near NATO airspace. Russia is employing every tool in its arsenal, from cyber attacks and propaganda to espionage, energy blackmail, and support for friendly political parties in Europe, in order to undermine NATO’s cohesion.

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